December 2019

Daily Current Affairs (26-12-19)



Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Ancient and Medieval History [Paper-I]: Art, culture, literature and Architecutre


  • Epigraphy Branch of the Archaeological Survey of India has discovered the earliest epigraphic evidence so far for the Saptamatrika cult.
  • It was discovered in Chebrolu village in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh.

Who are Saptamatrikas?

  • Saptamatrikas are a group of seven female deities worshipped in Hinduism as personifying the energy of their respective consorts.
  • They are Brahmani (wife of Brahma), Maheshvari (wife of Shiva), Kaumari (wife of Kumara), Vaishnavi (wife of Vishnu), Varahi (wife of Varaha, or the boar, an avatar [incarnation] of Vishnu), Indrani (wife of Indra), and Chamunda, or Yami (wife of Yama).

Earliest Sanskrit Inscription

  • The found inscription records the construction of a Prasada (temple), a mandapa and consecration of images by a person named Kartika at the temple of Goddess Saptamatrika at Tambrape.
  • Tambrape is the ancient name of Chebrolou, Andhra Pradesh.
  • The verification of all the available records proved that the Chebrolu inscription of Satavahana king Vijaya issued in his 5th regnal year – 207 A.D. — is also the earliest datable Sanskrit inscription from South India.
  • The inscription is in Sanskrit and in Brahmi characters.
  • According to Matsya Purana, Vijaya is the 28th king of the Satavahana dynasty and ruled for 6 years.
  • So far the Nagarjunakonda inscription of Ikshavaku King Ehavala Chantamula issued in his 11th regnal year corresponding to the 4th century A.D. was considered the earliest Sanskrit inscription in South India.

[Source: The Hindu]




Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Science and Technology [Paper-II]: Public Health and Community Medicine, Health Care


Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has become the first country to formally recognize Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP).

What is Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP)?

  • Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP) is published by the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) on behalf of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India in fulfillment of the requirements of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules 1945 there under.
  • It is recognized as the official book of standards for the drugs being manufactured and/or marketed in India.
  • It contains a collection of authoritative procedures of analysis and specifications of drugs for their identity, purity and strength.
  • The standards of the IP are authoritative in nature and are enforced by the regulatory authorities for ensuring the quality of drugs in India.
  • During quality assurance and at the time of dispute in the court of law the IP standards are legally acceptable.

Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC)

  • It is an Autonomous Institution of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt. of India.
  • IPC was established by executive orders in 1945 according to the Indian Drugs and Cometics Act, 1940. It is headquartered in Ghaziabad, U.P.
  • It is created to set standards of drugs in the country. Its basic function is to update regularly the standards of drugs commonly required for treatment of diseases prevailing in this region.
  • It publishes official documents for improving Quality of Medicines by way of adding new and updating existing monographs in the form of Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP).
  • It further promotes rational use of generic medicines by publishing National Formulary of India.
  • IP prescribes standards for identity, purity and strength of drugs essentially required from health care perspective of human beings and animals.
  • IPC also provides IP Reference Substances (IPRS) which act as a finger print for identification of an article under test and its purity as prescribed in IP.
[Source: PIB,]



  • Typhoon Phanfone, known locally as Typhoon Ursula, made its way through islands of central Philippines on 25 December, 2019.
  • Around 2,351 people have been affected by the typhoon and 1,654 people were taking refuge in evacuation centers, according to the Philippine national disaster management agency, NDRRMC.
  • Phanfone followed a similar path to the devastating Typhoon Haiyan in 2013, which was one of the most powerful storms on record and killed at least 6,000 people.
  • Union Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad announced that the central government will provide free WiFi till March 2020 to all villages connected through the BharatNet broadband service at present.
  • At present, around 48,000 villages connected through the BharatNet project have WiFi access.
  • 1.3 lakh gram panchayats are already connected through BharatNet optical fibre network. Central government aims to take this to 2.5 lakh gram panchayats.
  • The government’s BharatNet project aims to provide access to all the 2.5 lakh gram panchayats across the country.
  • A total of Rs 20,431 crore has been spent from the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) for connecting villages under BharatNet.
  • CSC e-Governance Services India Ltd is implementing the Digital Village initiative in rural and remote areas of the country.
  • A DigiGaon or digital village was conceptualised as a connected village where citizens can avail various e-services of the central government, state governments and private players.
  • December 25 is the birth anniversary of Madan Mohan Malaviya, the famed Indian educationist and freedom fighter who is also called ‘Mahamana’.
  • Malaviya is known for founding the Banaras Hindu University and for acting as a bridge between the Moderates and the Extremists in the Congress.
  • He was elected as the president of Indian National Congress four times – in 1909 (Lahore), in 1918 (Delhi), in 1930 (Delhi), and in 1932 (Calcutta).
  • Malaviya was one of the early leaders of the Hindu Mahasabha, and helped found it in 1906.
  • He was a social reformer and served as a member of the Imperial Legislative Council for 11 years (1909–20).
  • The world’s oldest known fossil forest has been discovered in a sandstone quarry in New York State, offering new insights into how trees transformed the planet.
  • The forest, found in the town of Cairo, New York would have spanned from New York to Pennsylvania and beyond, and has been dated to about 386m years old.
  • It is one of only three known fossil forests dating to this period and about 2-3m years older than the previously oldest known fossil forest at Gilboa, also in New York State.
  • According to researchers, the Cairo forest is older than the one at Gilboa because fossils were lower down in sequence of rocks that occur in the Catskill Mountains.
  • DRDO successfully test-fired its Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) system from a base off Odisha coast.
  • The missile, developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), in association with Bharat Electronics Limited and Bharat Dynamics Limited, was flight-tested from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur, Odisha.
  • The QRSAM weapon system, which operates on the move, comprises fully automated command and control, active array battery surveillance radar, active array battery multifunction radar and launcher.
  • With this mission, the developmental trials of the weapon system have been successfully completed and it is expected to be ready for induction by 2021.

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