Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
History [Paper-I]: Modern Indian History
Why in News?
On December 27, 1911, the National Anthem was first sung at the Calcutta session of the Congress.
About National Anthem
- ‘Jana Gana Mana’ is the first stanza of the Bengali hymn, ‘Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata’, written by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore.
- A slightly varied version of the song was adopted by Subhash Chandra Bose’s Indian National Army in 1941 as the national anthem, called ‘Shubh Sukh Chain’, which also became popular in India.
- ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was adopted as the country’s National Anthem by the Constituent Assembly of India on January 24, 1950, the last day of its last session.
- Playing time of the full version of the national anthem is approximately 52 seconds.
- A short version consisting of first and last lines of the stanza (playing time approximately 20 seconds) is also played on certain occasions.
- Reverence to the National Anthem is a Fundamental duty in India.
- According to Article 51A (a) of the Constitution: “It shall be the duty of every citizen of India to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem”.
[Source: Indian Express]