Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Science and Techology [Paper-II]: ICT and Governance – various Government schemes promoting use of ICT, Cyber Security concerns
- Central government has launched a web portal, ‘Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)’, to facilitate blocking and tracing of stolen/lost mobile phones in Delhi.
- The launch of the portal, ceir.gov.in, for Delhi-NCR subscribers will facilitate requests for blocking of stolen or lost mobile phones by customers, blocking of such mobile phones across various mobile networks, allowing services to other existing customers having mobile phones with the same International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number, sharing of traceability data with police authorities, as well as unblocking of recovered phones.
- The web portal was first launched in Mumbai. It will be extended to other parts of the country in 2020.
What is Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)?
- CEIR has been undertaken by the Department of Telecom (DoT) for addressing security, theft and other concerns including reprogramming of mobile handsets.
- It is a database of the IMEI numbers of blacklisted handsets.
- Every mobile network provider in India has an Equipment Identity Register [EIR] or a database of the phones connected to its network.
- These EIRs, will now share information with a single database, i.e, CEIR.
- CEIR acts as a central system for all network Operators to share black listed mobile devices so that devices blacklisted in one network will not work on other networks even if the Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) card in the device is changed.
What is International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI)?
- It is the unique identity of mobile phone devices that precisely identifies the device.
- Mobile phone manufacturers assign IMEI numbers to each device based on ranges allotted to them by the Global System for Mobile Communications Association.
- GSM networks use the IMEI number to identify valid devices, and can stop a stolen phone from accessing the network.