Written by Talent KAS

Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

History [Paper-I]: Modern Indian History (from the 18th century upto the present) significant events, personalities and issues


Uttar Pradesh cabinet approved a proposal to set aside Rs 234 crore for a zoological garden spread across 121 acres in Gorakhpur, to be named after the freedom fighter and revolutionary Shaheed Ashfaqullah Khan.

Who was Ashfaqullah Khan?

  • Khan was born on October 22, 1900, in Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh.
  • He grew up at a time when Mahatma Gandhi had launched the non-cooperation movement and urged Indians not to pay taxes to the government or co-operate with the British.
  • Within about 1.5 years of the movement’s launch, in February 1922, the Chauri Chaura incident took place in Gorakhpur — a large number of non-cooperation protestors clashed with the police and set the police station on fire, killing roughly 22 policemen.
  • Opposed to violence, Gandhi called off the movement.
  • Khan was one among these youths, who were greatly disappointed and disillusioned with this. Subsequently, he joined the revolutionaries and became acquainted with Bismil.

Hindustan Republican Association (HRA)

  • HRA was a revolutionary organization of India established in 1924 at village named Bholachang in East Bengal.
  • It was started as an offshoot of Anushilan Samiti by Sachindra Nath Sanyal, Narendra Mohan Sen and Pratul Ganguly.
  • HRA published its manifesto titled “The Revolutionary” in 1925, which, among other things, said, “The immediate object of the revolutionary party in the domain of politics is to establish a federal Republic of United State of India by an organized and armed revolution.”

Kakori Conspiracy

  • Kakori Train Conspiracy also known as Kakori Train Robbery was an armed robbery which took place on 9th August 1925 in Uttar Pradesh.
  • In this planned robbery, carried out to fund the activities of the HRA, Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqullah Khan and over 10 other revolutionaries stopped the train and fled with the cash they found in it. Within a month of the robbery, many members were arrested.
  • The trial for the case went on for about 1.5 years. It ended in April 1927, with Bismil, Khan, Rajendra Lahiri and Roshan Singh sentenced to death, and the others given life sentences.

[Source: Indian Express]


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