January 2020

Daily Current Affairs (11-01-20)



Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Science and Technology [Paper-II]: Cyber Security concerns – National Cyber Crime Policy


  • Union Minister for Home Affairs inaugurated the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) and also dedicated National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal to the Nation.
  • This state-of-the-art Centre is located in New Delhi.

Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)

  • The scheme to set up I4C was approved in October 2018 at an estimated cost of around 416 crore rupees to deal with all types of cyber-crimes in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.
  • It has seven components, National Cyber Crime Threat Analytics Unit, National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal, National Cyber Crime Training Centre, Cyber Crime Ecosystem Management Unit, National Cyber Crime Research and Innovation Centre, National Cyber Crime Forensic Laboratory Ecosystem and Platform for Joint Cyber Crime Investigation Team.
  • At the initiative of Union Home Ministry, 15 States and UTs have given their consent to set up Regional Cyber Crime Coordination Centres.

National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal (www.cybercrime.gov.in)

  • It is a citizen-centric initiative that will enable citizens to report cyber crimes online through the portal.
  • All the cyber crime related complaints will be accessed by the concerned law enforcement agencies in the States and Union Territories for taking action as per law.
  • This portal was launched on pilot basis on 30th August, 2019 and it enables filing of all cyber crimes with specific focus on crimes against women, children, particularly child pornography, child sex abuse material, online content pertaining to rapes/gang rapes, etc.
  • So far, more than 700 police districts and more than 3,900 police stations have been connected with this Portal.
  • This portal also focuses on specific crimes like financial crime and social media related crimes like stalking, cyber bullying, etc.
  • This portal will improve coordination amongst the law enforcement agencies of different States, districts and police stations for dealing with cyber crimes in a coordinated and effective manner.

[Source: PIB]




Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Economy [Paper-II]: Infrastructure in Indian Economy, Energy and Power


  • Union Government released the State Energy Efficiency Index 2019.
  • The index was released on the occasion of RPM (Review, Planning and Monitoring) meeting, which was held on 09-10 Jan 2020 at Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra, New Delhi.

About the Index

  • State Energy Efficiency Index 2019 tracks the progress of Energy Efficiency initiatives in 36 States and Union Territories.
  • The index is developed by Bureau of Energy Efficiency in association with Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy.
  • The first such Index was launched on August, 2018.
  • The 2019 Index incorporates qualitative, quantitative and outcome-based indicators to assess energy efficiency initiatives, programs and outcomes in five distinct sectors.
  • New indicators for this year include adoption of Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) 2017, energy efficiency in MSME clusters, etc.
  • The required data was collected from the concerned state departments such as DISCOMs, Urban Development and other departments with the help of State Designated Agencies (SDAs).


The State Energy Efficiency Index categorises states as Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender and Aspirant based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation.

Performance of States

  • The top performing states in the State EE Index 2019 – Haryana, Kerala and Karnataka – are in the ‘Achiever’ category.
  • Since there isn’t any ‘front runner’ state, it can be inferred that a lot more can be done at the state level to realise energy savings from energy efficiency,
  • For a rational comparison, the States or Union Territories are grouped into four groups based on the aggregated Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) required to meet the state’s actual energy demand (electricity, coal, oil, gas, among others) across sectors.
  • Karnataka, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Puducherry led their groups. Manipur, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand and Rajasthan performed the worst in each of their groups.

Key Takeaways

  • The Index shows that majority of the initiatives taken by states are related to Policies and Regulations.
  • Most of the first-generation energy efficiency policies prepared by BEE under programmes on Standards & Labelling (S&L), ECBC, Perform Achieve & Trade (PAT), etc. are understood by states. As the next step, they should focus on ensuring greater compliance to achieve savings.
  • Based on the analysis of responses submitted by states this year, a three-point agenda is suggested for consideration by state agencies:
  • Proactive role by states in policy formulation and implementation to shift the focus from “policies in place” to “policies successfully implemented”.
  • Strengthening the mechanism for data capture, management and public availability of data: For 2019 Index, SDAs proactively contacted various state departments to gather data. However, SDAs should further enhance their engagement with state departments and private sector to enable a robust mechanism for Energy Data Management System.
  • Enhancing the credibility of EE schemes: Ensuring the integrity of programs that have direct or indirect linkages with common consumers is significant to energy efficiency market transformation. States must demonstrate an approach which includes enforcement and compliance checks as well as independent monitoring and verification of savings, which is integral to all EE policies and programs.
[Source: All India Radio]



Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:

Economy [Paper-II]: Infrastructure in Indian Economy, Energy and Power


In partnership with NITI Aayog, International Energy Agency (IEA) today released the first in-depth review of India’s energy policies.

About the IEA Review

  • The report highlights the achievements of India’s energy policies and provides recommendations to support the government’s goals of promoting well-functioning energy markets and boosting deployment of renewables.
  • IEA regularly conducts in-depth reviews of energy policies for its member and association countries.
  • This is the first review carried out for India, which has been an IEA-association country since March 2017.

Key Highlights

  • The report congratulated the Indian government on its outstanding achievements in extending citizens’ access to electricity, affordable efficient lighting and clean cooking in record time through historic schemes like SAUBHAGYA, UJALA and UJJWALA, while pursuing energy market reforms and the swift deployment of renewable technologies.
  • The report highlights the strong growth of renewables in India, which now accounts for almost 23% of the country’s total installed capacity.
  • The review also found that energy efficiency improvements in India avoided 15% of additional energy demand, oil and gas imports, and air pollution as well as 300 million tonnes of CO2 emissions between 2000 and 2018.
  • India’s demand for energy is set to double by 2040, and its electricity demand may triple.
  • Indian oil consumption is expected to grow faster than that of any other major economy. This makes further improving energy security a key priority for India’s economy.
  • The report offers a wide range of recommendations for reforms in support of India’s goal of promoting open and well-functioning energy markets in sectors such as coal, gas and electricity.
  • These include building strong regulators to ensure non-discriminatory access, moving from state allocation to market pricing, and further rationalizing energy subsidies.
  • In India’s renewables-rich states, the share of variable renewables in electricity generation is already above 15%, a level that calls for dedicated policies to ensure they integrate smoothly into the power system.
  • NITI Aayog can play a strong role in working with the states to implement power sector reforms, advance grid integration, improve flexibility and coordinate energy policy decisions.
  • The review strongly encourages India to institutionalise energy policy coordination across government with a national energy policy framework.
  • India’s oil demand growth is set to overtake China by mid-2020s, priming the country for more refinery investment but making it more vulnerable to supply disruption in the Middle East.
  • India, which ranks No. 3 in terms of global oil consumption after China and the United States, imports over 80% of its oil needs, of which 65% is from the Middle East through the Strait of Hormuz. India is the world’s fourth-largest oil refiner.

[Source: PIB, Economic Times, iea.org]



  • World Hindi Day is celebrated on January 10 every year.
  • The day is commemorated every year with the objective to promote use of Hindi language abroad.
  • On this day in 1975, the First World Hindi Conference was organized in Nagpur to promote the language worldwide by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
  • Apart from World Hindi Day, ‘Hindi Day’ is celebrated on September 14th every year. National Hindi divas mark the day in 1949 when the constituent assembly adopted Hindi as the official language of the Union.
  • For the first time in Kerala, an android application has been developed for electricity meter reading.
  • The new system is implemented by Thrissur Corporation at a cost of Rs 5 lakh. Thrissur Corporation is the only local body in the state that has license for power supply.
  • The mobile app was developed by Kannur-headquartered Dinesh IT Systems.
  • In order to implement the new system, a QR code will be fixed on the electricity meter. When the meter reader is scanned using mobile app, the consumer’s details will be available.
  • The reading can be directly recorded to the database of the electricity department of the corporation.
  • The new system will help save time and also enable paperless meter reading. Also sending electricity bill to the registered mobile number of the consumer will soon be realised. The project has been submitted for the government’s approval.
  • At present, Spot Billing Machine (SBM) is used for meter reading. The KSEB staff record the machine reading and instantly print the bill for the consumer. The reading is uploaded in the software after the billing machine is connected with the office computer.
  • Three Kerala citiesMalappuram, Kozhikode and Kollam – are among the top-10 fastest growing urban regions in the world, according to the latest rankings by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).
  • Malappuram has been ranked No.1, while Kozhikode has been ranked No.4. Kollam is at No.10 position.
  • No other Indian city has figured in the top-10 list.
  • EIU, which is part of the popular Economist Magazine, provides forecasting and advisory services through research and analysis.
  • The ranking stated that Malappuram grew 44 per cent from 2015 to 2020. Kozhikode had a growth rate of 34.5 per cent in the past five years, while Kollam had 31.1 per cent.
  • Can Tho region in Vietnam secured the second spot, Suqian in China came third. Thrissur has secured the 13th spot with a growth rate of 30.2 percent.
  • The list has been compiled on the basis of the data provided by the United Nation’s Population Division and includes cities with a population of at least 1 million in 2015.
  • A similar study published by the BBC in November 2019 had Delhi ranked first in the top-20 fastest growing cities list.
  • Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad and Surat were the other Indian cities in the list.
  • Central government announced that the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019 will come into force from January 10, 2020.
  • CAA was passed by the Parliament on December 11, 2019.
  • According to the CAA, members of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities who have come from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan till December 31, 2014 facing religious persecution there will not be treated as illegal immigrants but given Indian citizenship.
  • Vellinezhi Subramania Bhagavathar Memorial Award was given away to well-known Carnatic and Hindustani musician T.V. Gopalakrishnan at a function held at Olappamanna Mana, Vellinezhi.
  • Gopalakrishnan received the award from Bhagavathar’s son P.S. Raman. The award comprised a cash prize of Rs. 50,000 and a plaque.

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