Related Topic in KAS Prelims Syllabus:
Economy [Paper-II]: Infrastructure in Indian Economy, Energy and Power
- Union Government released the State Energy Efficiency Index 2019.
- The index was released on the occasion of RPM (Review, Planning and Monitoring) meeting, which was held on 09-10 Jan 2020 at Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra, New Delhi.
About the Index
- State Energy Efficiency Index 2019 tracks the progress of Energy Efficiency initiatives in 36 States and Union Territories.
- The index is developed by Bureau of Energy Efficiency in association with Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy.
- The first such Index was launched on August, 2018.
- The 2019 Index incorporates qualitative, quantitative and outcome-based indicators to assess energy efficiency initiatives, programs and outcomes in five distinct sectors.
- New indicators for this year include adoption of Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) 2017, energy efficiency in MSME clusters, etc.
- The required data was collected from the concerned state departments such as DISCOMs, Urban Development and other departments with the help of State Designated Agencies (SDAs).
The State Energy Efficiency Index categorises states as ‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, ‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’ based on their efforts and achievements towards energy efficiency implementation.
Performance of States
- The top performing states in the State EE Index 2019 – Haryana, Kerala and Karnataka – are in the ‘Achiever’ category.
- Since there isn’t any ‘front runner’ state, it can be inferred that a lot more can be done at the state level to realise energy savings from energy efficiency,
- For a rational comparison, the States or Union Territories are grouped into four groups based on the aggregated Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) required to meet the state’s actual energy demand (electricity, coal, oil, gas, among others) across sectors.
- Karnataka, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Puducherry led their groups. Manipur, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand and Rajasthan performed the worst in each of their groups.
- The Index shows that majority of the initiatives taken by states are related to Policies and Regulations.
- Most of the first-generation energy efficiency policies prepared by BEE under programmes on Standards & Labelling (S&L), ECBC, Perform Achieve & Trade (PAT), etc. are understood by states. As the next step, they should focus on ensuring greater compliance to achieve savings.
- Based on the analysis of responses submitted by states this year, a three-point agenda is suggested for consideration by state agencies:
- Proactive role by states in policy formulation and implementation to shift the focus from “policies in place” to “policies successfully implemented”.
- Strengthening the mechanism for data capture, management and public availability of data: For 2019 Index, SDAs proactively contacted various state departments to gather data. However, SDAs should further enhance their engagement with state departments and private sector to enable a robust mechanism for Energy Data Management System.
- Enhancing the credibility of EE schemes: Ensuring the integrity of programs that have direct or indirect linkages with common consumers is significant to energy efficiency market transformation. States must demonstrate an approach which includes enforcement and compliance checks as well as independent monitoring and verification of savings, which is integral to all EE policies and programs.