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  • The land revenue policies adopted by the british east india company india during colonial period were a big a blow to the indian economy. Those policies ruined the agrarian as well as handicraft industries. The following are the main land revenue systems adopted by the company
    1. Permanent settlement
    Under the permanent settlement 19% of land occupied by the company allotted to landlords through auction. They had yo pay a fixed amount to the company that is 10/11 or 89% of total production. The 1/11 was the portion for landlords. The ryots were the tenants or tillers. The landlord could fix the rent. If zamindars( lamdlords) failed to pay the amount the land will be seized. Absentee landlordism happened due to this. Most of the landlords were failed to pay the amount
    2. Ryotwari system
    Under this system the land was allotted to tillers for long period. Tax collected from them directly. Though it gave a security to tillers the tax collection was so rigid and the tillers became more poor by taking money from money lenders.This system was popular in madras, bombay assam region
    3. Mahalwari system
    It was introduced by william bentick in 1833. Under thia system the lands were allotted to a village collectively. The villagers had to pay the amount to government. The periodical increase of tax caused trouble to the villagers. It increased the fertility of land but the benefit was for the government

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